Hanukkah is also referred to as the Feast of Dedication or the Feast of Lights. Hanukkah is celebrated on the 25th of Kislev. We know from John 10: 22-23 that Yeshua also celebrated the Feast of Dedication.
Hanukkah commemorates a time when Jews were under a Syrian king, Antiochus, who had erected an altar to Zeus. Mattathias, a Jewish priest, refused to acknowledge the preeminence of this false god. Eventually, it resulted in the revolt of the Maccabees. Mattathias and his five sons took to the hills and engaged in guerilla warfare against the Syrians. A year later in 167 B.C., Mattathias relinquished the revolt's leadership to' his son Judah, nicknamed "the hammer." Judah, the Maccabee, was a brilliant tactician and a master of the surprise attack. After much fasting, prayer and heroism, the Maccabees prevailed and the Syrians fled.
The Temple was rededicated on the twenty-fifth day of Kislev (December) in 165 B.C. In order to light the Temple, a search was made for consecrated oil. A rabbinical commentary known as the Talmud noted that there was only enough oil for a day; yet, it lasted eight days.
The celebration is a time of praise and thanksgiving to God. It is a traditional observance rather than those mandated by God in the book of Leviticus chapter 23. Some of the traditions associated with Hanukkah are latkes (potato pancakes), gifts and games for children using dreidels (tops), and the lighting of the Menorah.