Yom Kippur

And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:

Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God.

Leviticus 23: 27-28

Day of Atonement

Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement”. Yom Kippur marks the end of the ten Days of Awe. It is a day of sacrifice where blood is used to cover our sins.

For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul. Leviticus 17:11

In the book of Leviticus chapter 23, God places special emphasis on this day and is very direct on what will happen to the Israelites if they hold the Day of Atonement in high regard.

For any person who is not afflicted in soul on that same day shall be cut off from his people. You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your Sabbath.

Leviticus 23: 29, 30, & 32

Jewish Tradition

Yom Kippur is the end of the High Holy Days. Rosh Hashanah opens the book of life and the book of death. The days following Rosh Hashanah denotes a time of repentance and fasting until the Day of Atonement marks the day when a person’s name is written in one either the book of life or the book of death. Previously, blood made atonement for sin. Today, Rabbis have substituted prayer and charity for the blood.

Messianic Perspective

Messianic Jews and Christians believe Yeshua (Jesus) is the one who makes atonement for our sins.

Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption… how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Hebrews 9: 11,12,& 14

Where previously sins were forgiven through animal sacrifices, charity (good deeds), and prayer, Messianic Jews believe the blood of Yeshua has made Atonement for sin and through faith in Him, sin is continually passed over.

[Yeshua] whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed,

Romans 3:25