In Rabbinical interpretation, two lines of thought exist. In the Middle Ages, Rashi, Ibn Ezra, and Kimchi believed this passage was speaking of Israel as a nation. Earlier interpretations from Rabbi’s with similar perspectives as Rabbi Jonathan ben Uzziel believe this passage is speaking of a person, a suffering servant Messianic Jewish Talmudist, Rachmiel Frydland has found this belief throughout early Judaism in the Babylonian Talmud, Midrash Rabbah, and Zohar. (Please Click on Link for Source information, Isaiah 53).
At Ohav Shalom we believe the personal belief is a more reasonable understanding of the scripture.
First, Isaiah 52:13-15 reflects an individual rather than a nation and this them continues on throughout Isaiah 53.
See, my servant will act wisely; he will be raised and lifted-up and highly exalted. Just as there were many who were appalled at him-his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any man and his form marred beyond human likeness-so will he sprinkle many nations, and kings will shut up their mouths because of him. For what they were not told, they will see, and what they had not heard, they will understand.
Next, earlier interpretation were speaking of an individual rather than a nation.
“Behold my servant Messiah shall prosper; he shall be on high, and increase, and be exceeding strong: as the house of Israel looked to him through many days, because their countenance was darkened among the peoples, and their complexion beyond the sons of men (Targum Jonathan on Isaiah 53, ad locum).”
Third, the Jewish people will never be cut off from the land of the living as mentioned in verse 8. The prophet Jeremiah was very clear on this.
Only if the stars, sun and moon vanish from my sight will the descendants of Israel ever cease to be a nation before me. (Jeremiah 31:36)
Why was this individual cut off? Why did he have to die? He died for the sins of the Jewish People and all Nations. He died to make atonement for our wrong doings.
Only one individual has and can fulfill this, Yeshua Hamashiach (Jesus the Messiah), our Lord and Savior.
The bigger question is this: How have you solved the Dying Problem? The solution to this problem has been given: accepting Yeshua (Jesus) as you Lord and Savior.